Traditional Wild Sauerkraut & Sauerkraut Juice

Wild fermentation is specific to the live organisms naturally present on the raw vegetables. This is the traditional way to ferment vegetables and sauerkraut because there are abundant lactic acid bacteria on all plants and if submerged under its own juices with a good coverage of salt (regardless of what type vessel they are contained […]

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Traditional Wild Sauerkraut & Sauerkraut Juice
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Prep Time 45 mins
Passive Time 4 weeks
Servings
litre
Ingredients
Cabbage mixture
  • 1 kg Cabbage The green cabbages produce more brine – select a good quality fresh organic cabbage that is not dry or too old
  • 2 - 3 tbl Celtic or Himalayan Sea Salt Salt is a traditional ingredient in sauerkraut because it increases shelf life, texture, and flavor. The amount of salt used can vary according to personal taste but too little can spoit the batch. The salt helps to preserve.
Special equipment
  • 1 Fermenting Jar/Vessle There are many kinds of fermenting vessles on the market. You can make your own at home or spend extra money on something fancy. See our notes for recommendations
  • 1 Heavy weight this is used to keep the cabbage submerged under its own juices
  • 1 Cabbage/vegetable pounder This aids to help push and compress the cabbage or fermented vegetables so that they are submerged udner their own brine
  • 1 Unbleached cheesecloth
Prep Time 45 mins
Passive Time 4 weeks
Servings
litre
Ingredients
Cabbage mixture
  • 1 kg Cabbage The green cabbages produce more brine – select a good quality fresh organic cabbage that is not dry or too old
  • 2 - 3 tbl Celtic or Himalayan Sea Salt Salt is a traditional ingredient in sauerkraut because it increases shelf life, texture, and flavor. The amount of salt used can vary according to personal taste but too little can spoit the batch. The salt helps to preserve.
Special equipment
  • 1 Fermenting Jar/Vessle There are many kinds of fermenting vessles on the market. You can make your own at home or spend extra money on something fancy. See our notes for recommendations
  • 1 Heavy weight this is used to keep the cabbage submerged under its own juices
  • 1 Cabbage/vegetable pounder This aids to help push and compress the cabbage or fermented vegetables so that they are submerged udner their own brine
  • 1 Unbleached cheesecloth
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Instructions
Sauerkraut Mixture
  1. Thinly slice or shred the cabbage and place it into a large bowl. A good quality mandolin is great for shredding. A big cooking pot is good to contain the cabbage for this will allow you to easily get your hands into the mix later.
  2. Add a generous amount of salt to the mixture and mix the salt into the cabbage with your hands. Let it sit for 10 – 20 minutes to allow the salt to draw out some of the cabbage juice naturally. Salt actually allows the cabbage to sweat so that juices can be extracted to create the brine. 2 tablesppons of salt per 1kg cabbage.
  3. After you have allowed the cabbage to sit for 20 minutes, mix, massage and knead the ingredients with your hands. Bruising the cabbage this way allows the cabbage to extract more natural brine solution. Keep kneading until you have squeezed a substantial amount of juice from the mixture. This may take approximately 10-20 minutes. It is always handy to have someone with strong hands to do the kneading & massaging.
  4. Place the cabbage mixture into the selected kraut vessel and pack and push the mixture down so that the cabbage is compacted in the bottom and the juice is sitting on the top of the cabbage with a minimum of 4 - 5cm’s or 2 inches of the juice above. It is important to push the cabbage down firmly so that no air is trapped and the cabbage is completely submerged in and under its own brine juice. A cabbage/vegetable pounder or potato masher can be a good tool for this.
  5. Most fermented vegetable kits will have a weight but if you do not have a kit with a weight, simply make your own weight by using a plate that fits snug in the fermenting vessle and place it on the top of the cabbage and then place a smaller jar (filled with water) on top of the plate to weigh the cabbage down and keep it submerged. Push the jar down and you will see more juice rise to the top. It is very important to ensure that all the sauerkraut is submerged under its own juice. Don’t worry if you don’t have a weight to push it down, just try to make sure that all the cabbage remains under the brine and if any bits float up, remove them throughout the process to prevent them from going mouldy.
  6. When all the cabage is submerged under its own juices with the weight keeping it down, cover the top with a double folded cheesecloth to keep away the dust and store in a dark place for four weeks (ie pantry). If you use a canning jar with a rubber ring top, and close the lid, be sure to burp it a few times in the first few days to release the pressure or it will burst - you won’t need the cheesecloth if you use this type of jar. Keep checking to remove any mould or scum build up floating on the top and make sure the kraut remains under its own juices. The sauerkraut may be consumed and ready to eat after 2 weeks but it matures better and contains more good bacteria wioth more time. The sauerkraut may be stored in the fridge after 2 - 4 weeks of fermentation. If there is any scum or mould development on the top – remove this. The kraut remaining under the juice will be fine.
  7. After the cabbage has completed the fermentation process it becomes preserved and will last up to 12 months in the fridge. Fermentation is the traditional way we preserved food before companies decided to create synthetic harmful preservative options.
Kraut Juice
  1. The juice remaining in the kraut jar is a by-product of the sauerkraut but it is just as probiotic and benneficial to consume as the kraut itself. Do not discard the juice, either leave it in the jar and consume it gradually along with the kraut or strain it into a bottle to use as a fermented probiotic drink. This juice is what we like to use in the introduction stages of the GAPS Diet. It is introduced slowely and methodically. Refer to the GAPS introduction stagesfor this method.
Recipe Notes

Alternative options

This is a wild feremtnation method which often takes a little more time to ferment naturally, however you can assist this process further by inoculating the kraut batch with good bacteria from the very beginning by adding a vegetable starter culture to the mixture and massage that through with your hands along with the salt.

You may add other vegetables like grated carrots and other favourites such as caraway seeds or dill. 

Trouble shooting

If for any reason the cabbage is not submerged under enough of its own juices, you may need to add a small amount of filtered water with more salt (15 gms of salt to 1 ltr).

Sauerkraut & how to introduce it

 

 

 

Ghee (clarified butter)

  It’s hard to improve on butter, but… Ghee, a traditional Indian preparation, eliminates the milk solids and gives you just the pure, unadulterated butterfat. It’s gheelicious. And it doesn’t burn, so it is a perfect choice for high temperature frying. Before introducing butter on the GAPS diet, the introduction stages advises to introduce ghee […]

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Ghee (clarified butter)
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Prep Time 15 mins
Cook Time 1 hour
Servings
tub
Ingredients
Prep Time 15 mins
Cook Time 1 hour
Servings
tub
Ingredients
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Instructions
Option one
  1. Preheat your oven to approximately 60 – 120 Degrees Celsius.
  2. Add a large block of unsalted organic butter to a glass or stainless steel oven dish and leave it in the oven for 45 – 60 minutes.
  3. The liquid in the dish will separate with milk solids on the bottom (liquid creamy white colour), ghee in the middle (yellow) with some floaty bits of whey on top (crusty yellow and golden brown floaty bits). The whey can be carefully scooped out from the top with a tea strainer and the yellow liquid which is the ghee can be carefully poured into a jar with a cheese cloth on top to catch any whey or unwanted milk solids. Try not to disrupt the milk solids and ensure that they remain in the bottom of the pan as you pour out the ghee.
  4. Discard the milk solids and refrigerate the ghee in glass jars.
Option two
  1. Melt the unsalted butter in a saucepan over low heat. Don't stir.
  2. Reduce heat and let the melted butter simmer for an hour or until a firm "foam" forms on the surface.
  3. Remove the foam with a flat head stainless steel seive straining spoon (see image). On the bottom, you'll now see white milk protein, which you want to leave behind in the pan or filter out of your ghee.
  4. Carefully pour the clarified butter through a cheese cloth. The white milk protein should remain in the cloth, while the clear butterfat seeps through.
  5. Repeat the filtering a couple of times for optimal results.
  6. Let the ghee cool in a glass jar and store at room temperature.
Recipe Notes

Other Options: You can use your slow cooker to make ghee. Put the butter in it and turn on low heat for 6-8 hours. Then follow the steps above.

GAPS Meat and Vegetable Soup

Both GAPS soups and stocks are the powerhouse to rebuilding your health. They are the most nourishing healing source on the GAPS Nutrition Protocol and every GAPS home should have a fridge and freezer stocked with them. We understand that keeping up with food supply can be time taxing on a GAPS family so your […]

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GAPS Meat and Vegetable Soup
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Prep Time 50 Minutes
Cook Time 3 Hours
Servings
Litre batch
Ingredients
Vegetables
Meat & Stock
  • 1 Litre Meat Stock Select from the meat stock preference you made earlier
  • 1 Meat joint This was used to make the meat stock recipe and put aside - or you can select a fresh gelatinous meat joint from the bone and use that. Also include bone marrow and gelatinous soft tissue
Prep Time 50 Minutes
Cook Time 3 Hours
Servings
Litre batch
Ingredients
Vegetables
Meat & Stock
  • 1 Litre Meat Stock Select from the meat stock preference you made earlier
  • 1 Meat joint This was used to make the meat stock recipe and put aside - or you can select a fresh gelatinous meat joint from the bone and use that. Also include bone marrow and gelatinous soft tissue
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Instructions
  1. Bring some of the meat stock to boil, add chopped or sliced vegetables: onions, carrots, broccoli, cauliflower, courgettes, marrow, squash, pumpkin, etc. and simmer for 25-35 minutes. When on the introduction diet, you can choose any combination of available vegetables avoiding very fibrous ones, such as all varieties of cabbage and celery. All particularly fibrous parts of vegetables need to be removed, such as skin and seeds on pumpkins, zucchini and squash, remove stalk from broccoli and cauliflower and any other parts that look too fibrous.
  2. Add the meat that you set aside from making the stock and cook the vegetables well, so that they are really soft and easy to digest. If you have already used the stock in other recipes, we recommend you cook some meat according to the recommendations shown in the stock recipe first and then add the vegetables.
  3. When vegetables are well cooked, add the crushed garlic, bring to boil and turn the heat off. We want the garlic to be added at the end to be only slightly cooked to receive maximum immune benefits from it.
  4. If you are cooking for children who are fussy eaters or for babies starting out on solids, you can blend the soup which will make it easier. This recipe will generally keep in the fridge for 5 days but can also be frozen.
Recipe Notes

Serving for GAPS

Serve the soup with a drizzle of cold pressed extra virgin olive oil on top (1-2 tbl sp).  Add sauerkraut or juice or eat  1 – 2 table spoons sauerkraut at the beginning of the meal.

Never add sauerkraut, its juice or olive oil directly to any hot food as this will kill the enzymes and minor component nutrients.  Always wait for the food to cool before adding them.  The general rule is:  if you can put your finger in it, then it’s ready.  Refer to the introduction diet for the progressive introduction of sauerkraut and olive oil.

The ratio of stock, meat and vegetables is individual and dependant upon the size of the batch you wish to make.

Clinical Notes:

The introduction diet is primarily designed for people suffering with diarrhoea and that is why the chosen vegetables are low in fibre.  If you have chosen to follow the introduction diet because of leaky gut and food allergies but are more susceptible to constipation, it is important to add more fibrous vegetables like cabbage and celery.  Don’t avoid cutting of stems from broccoli etc and leave the skins and seeds on vegetables like zucchini.  You may even decide to serve up some well cooked beetroot with your soup.

Hints

  • Cut vegetables and meat into small neat sized pieces unless you plan to blend or puree it.

Other suggested and allowable ingredients

  • Fresh or dried Italian or French mushrooms can be added to pork, lamb or beef soup to enhance the flavour. Dried mushrooms can be crushed by had before adding to the soup
  • Chopped parsley, coriander, oregano or dill
  • A spoonful of yoghurt or sour cream (creme fraiche)
  • Red onion
  • Spring onion
  • Cooked ground liver
  • Boiled eggs (yolk still runny)
  • Raw or cooked beetroots
  • Other herbs and spices (only when digestion has started to show improvements)

 

GAPS Staple Casserole

This recipe is a slow cooked method in the oven that produces a lovely tender meat that falls off the bone with a delicious flavour.  It can also be used for babies by blending the food in a food mixer with stock. *This recipe is appropriate for the GAPS Introduction Diet Stage Two – onwards […]

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GAPS Staple Casserole
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Prep Time 45 Minutes
Cook Time 4-6 hrs
Servings
People
Ingredients
Meat and Stock
  • 1 Lamb Shoulder See notes for other meat options
  • 1 Litre Filtered water Approcimate: this is dependant upon how bif the pot is and the size of the lamb
Herbs & Spices
Vegetables
  • 6-8 Cloves garlic Crushed - See notes caution
  • 1 Whole Onion Large - See notes caution
  • 2 Whole Celery sticks Finely diced - See notes caution
  • 2 Whole Carrots Finely diced - See notes caution
  • 1/2 Whole Pumpkin Cubed - See notes caution
  • 1/2 Head of Cauliflower Cut - See notes caution
Special Equipment
Prep Time 45 Minutes
Cook Time 4-6 hrs
Servings
People
Ingredients
Meat and Stock
  • 1 Lamb Shoulder See notes for other meat options
  • 1 Litre Filtered water Approcimate: this is dependant upon how bif the pot is and the size of the lamb
Herbs & Spices
Vegetables
  • 6-8 Cloves garlic Crushed - See notes caution
  • 1 Whole Onion Large - See notes caution
  • 2 Whole Celery sticks Finely diced - See notes caution
  • 2 Whole Carrots Finely diced - See notes caution
  • 1/2 Whole Pumpkin Cubed - See notes caution
  • 1/2 Head of Cauliflower Cut - See notes caution
Special Equipment
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Instructions
  1. Heat the oven to 140 degrees Celsius. Place your meat joint or other selection of meat into an oval cast iron pot and fill 2/3 with filtered water. Be sure not to cover the meat joint completely with water, because the exposed part at the top of the meat produces a lovely tasting stock for drinking. This recipe should allow you to save a few jars of stock when you are done.
  2. If tollerated (see recipe notes) dice some onion and celery and crush some garlic and saute in a seperate pan with a little lamb fat or duck fat and add to the pot. It is often nicew to salt the top of the lamb and add some of the sauteed ingredints on top as well as surrounding the lamb in the stock.
  3. Add salt, dried herbs, bay leaves and a sprig of rosemary. Cover with the pot with the lid and cook on very low heat for 4-6 hours (125 – 140 degrees Celsius).
  4. After 4 or 5 hours add a variety of chopped vegetables . We have made some suggestions for you above that work nicely but feel free to experiment with seasonal organic vegetables. At this time it is essential to leave the lid off in the final stages of cooking and increase the temperature to 180 degrees celsius and cook for a further 40-50 minutes.
  5. When cooked, serve the meat and vegetables and use the stock (strained through a sieve) for a warm drink with your meal. Keep left over stock in the fridge or freezer for later meals or stock drinks.
Recipe Notes

Alternative Recipe Options

You can use any of the following meats (joint meats are easier to digest than muscle meats) Try to use a broad range of different meats each time you cook this meal.

  • Shoulder of lamb
  • Joint of pork
  • Joint of beef
  • Pheasant
  • Quail
  • Venison
  • Whole chicken
  • Turkey legs
  • Lamb shanks

You may experiment by adding a variety of vegetables keeping a broad range in your diet, however make sure you are ready for them - Refer to clinical notes.

The fat content of these meals need to be quite high: the more fresh animal fats you consume the faster the recovery.  Be sure to add fermented vegetables with every serving.  If you are still in the introduction stage, avoid spices at this stage and only use herbs, salt, and bay leaves.  This meal is easy to cook and provides you with a variety of options to choose from.  If you make a large batch, this meal is easily frozen and defrosted and heated in a glass Pyrex dish with a glass lid in the oven.  Cooking several of these meals and freezing them will allow you to have a break in the kitchen.

This method can be achieved with a slow cooker

Clinical Notes:

Avoid vegetables and consume only the meat and stock from this recipe if the patient is experiencing profuse diarrhoea.  Vegetables should be added gradually until well tollerated and digestion improves.

*This recipe is appropriate for the GAPS Introduction Diet Stage Two - onwards

Meat Stock

A good meat stock must be made with several kinds of bones with meat still on them.  This recipe allows you to select the category of meat stock you wish to make whether it be beef or chicken etc and from those lists, the selections allow you to choose from the bones and meat cuts […]

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Meat Stock
Meat stock provides important building blocks for the rapidly growing cells in the gut lining and has a soothing effect on any area of inflammation in the gut. That is why they aid digestion and have been known for centuries as healing folk remedies for the digestive tract. Do not use commercially available soup stock granules or bouillon cubes, they are highly processed and are full of detrimental ingredients. Chicken stock is particularly gentle on the stomach and is very good to start from. To make good meat stock you need joints, bones, gelatinous meat (which is meat on the bone like a whole chicken, lamb necks/shanks or osso buco cuts), giblets from chicken, goose or duck, whole pigeons, pheasants or other inexpensive meats. It is essential to use bones and joints, as they provide the healing substances, not so much the muscle meats. Ask your butcher to cut some large tubular marrow bones in half, so you can get the bone marrow out of them after cooking. The bone marrow can be added to soup broths or eaten just as it is. Meat stock and bone broth are two different things. Meat stock is made over a few hours with raw bones and meat, where as bone broth is made with old cooked bones and cooked over 12 – 24 hours. The intro diet suggests using meat stock and when intro is complete, you can try the bone broth if you want to. This recipe has supplied a few options of bones and meat cuts to choose from, however you are not limited to them. Other cuts from goat and game etc can also be used and are very delicious. Dr Natasha Campbell-McBride strongly recommends local game sources for nourishment. *This meat stock recipe is appropriate for the GAPS Introduction Diet Stage One - onwards
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Prep Time 30 Minutes
Cook Time 2-3 Hours
Passive Time 30 Minutes
Servings
4 litre pot
Ingredients
Basic ingredients
Chicken or other Poultry Stock
Lamb Stock: Your meat joint must contain bones with marrow, soft tissue and bones with meat still attached to it
  • 4-6 Lamb neck bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4 Lamb shank Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 1-2 Lamb shoulder joint Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Lamb meaty rib bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Lamb trotters Highly recommended: This helps make the stock more gelatinous
Beef Stock: Your meat joint must contain bones with marrow, soft tissue and bones with meat still attached to it
  • 6 Beef Osso buco cuts Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 1-2 Beef shoulder joint Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-6 Beef marrow bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • Beef meaty rib bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-8 Beef knuckle bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Calf Hooves Highly recommended: This helps make the stock more gelatinous
Pork Stock: Your meat joint must contain bones with marrow, soft tissue and bones with meat still attached to it
  • 2-4 Meaty pork rib bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-6 Pork neck bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 1-2 Pork shoulder joint Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-6 Pork marrow bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Pigs trotters Highly recommended: This helps make the stock more gelatinous
Fish Stock
  • 1 Whole fish Select mackeral, herring or salmon. Skins, head and fins are required.
Prep Time 30 Minutes
Cook Time 2-3 Hours
Passive Time 30 Minutes
Servings
4 litre pot
Ingredients
Basic ingredients
Chicken or other Poultry Stock
Lamb Stock: Your meat joint must contain bones with marrow, soft tissue and bones with meat still attached to it
  • 4-6 Lamb neck bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4 Lamb shank Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 1-2 Lamb shoulder joint Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Lamb meaty rib bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Lamb trotters Highly recommended: This helps make the stock more gelatinous
Beef Stock: Your meat joint must contain bones with marrow, soft tissue and bones with meat still attached to it
  • 6 Beef Osso buco cuts Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 1-2 Beef shoulder joint Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-6 Beef marrow bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • Beef meaty rib bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-8 Beef knuckle bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Calf Hooves Highly recommended: This helps make the stock more gelatinous
Pork Stock: Your meat joint must contain bones with marrow, soft tissue and bones with meat still attached to it
  • 2-4 Meaty pork rib bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-6 Pork neck bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 1-2 Pork shoulder joint Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-6 Pork marrow bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Pigs trotters Highly recommended: This helps make the stock more gelatinous
Fish Stock
  • 1 Whole fish Select mackeral, herring or salmon. Skins, head and fins are required.
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Instructions
  1. With the exception of large meat cuts such as a shoulder joint or ribs, place all other bones, joints and meats into a large pot and fill it up with filtered water, add natural unprocessed salt to your taste at the beginning of cooking and about a teaspoon of black peppercorns, roughly crushed (optional – pepper sometimes too hot for children). Apple cider vinigar can be added at this point.
  2. Large cuts of meat or bones with meat on them such as the shoulder joints or ribs can be lightly browned in a low oven at 175 degrees Celsius for 30 minutes and then added to the pot.
  3. If you are making fish stock you need bones, fins, skins and the whole fish head NOT THE MEAT. Buy your fish whole and cut the fish meat from the bones to use for a seperate meal and use the rest of the fish to make your stock.
  4. If you are folowing the Full GAPS Diet, you may add the onion, carrot and celery to the pot. You do not need to cut them finely as it will make it easier to be removed and discarded later. If you are following the introduction diet stages, we recommend you avoid the vegetables at this time.
  5. Bring to boil, cover and simmer on a low heat as shown below: • 2 ½ - 3 hours for beef, lamb, pork and game • 1 ½ -2 hours for chicken and • 1 – 1 ½ hours for fish stock. This is the measured cooking time frame to make your nutrient meat stock. Bone stock without the meat cuts are usually longer. The longer you cook the stock the more nutrients and the softer the bones become for fishing out marrow.
  6. After cooking for the recommended time above, remove the meat and bones by straining the stock ingredients through a sieve. You can do this by collecting the stock under the strainer into a larger pot. Strip off all the meat and soft tissues from the bones as best as you can and extract the bone marrow out of the large tubular bones while they are still warm: to do that bang the bone on a thick wooden chopping board. The gelatinous soft tissues around the bones and the bone marrow provide some of the best healing remedies for the gut lining and these should be put aside with the meat that has been stripped from the bones to add later to the soup. It is also ok for the patient to eat the marrow and soft tissue direct from the bones.
  7. Strain the remaining stock with a cheesecloth to remove all remaining small bones, pepper corns and any vegetables that were added. Discard any tiny bones and vegetables added. Storethe stock in wide mouthed freezer safe mason jars in the fridge or freezer. The meat stock will keep well in the fridge for at least 7 days or it can be frozen.
Recipe Notes

If you wish to make bone stock and cook the ingredients for longer to extract more nutrients from the bones, we recommend you discard the meat afterwards as it will be over cooked but still produce a good meat/bone broth. Some people like to cook their stocks all day or overnight.

Butcher supplies for meat stock

The ratio of ingredients is individual and dependant on the size of the batch you wish to make but keep in mind that some stock should be reserved for drinking and some for making your batch of soup.  The remainder of your ingredients will depend on what type of meat stock you are making.  Here is a list of bone selections you can ask for at your organic butcher shop.

Beef, Lamb, Pork or Game Selections

  • Large tubular marrow bones
  • Gelatinous meats
  • Meaty rib bones
  • Osso Buco cuts
  • Knuckle bones
  • Shanks
  • Neck bones
  • Tail bones
  • Trotters
  • Joints
  • Ears

Poultry Selections

  • Whole chicken & extra chicken frames
  • Feet from one chicken
  • Gizards & giblets
  • Spatchcock
  • Pheasants
  • Pigeon
  • Goose
  • Duck

Fish Selections

  • Fish frames with heads (no fish meat)
  • Skins
  • Fins

Hints & Facts:

  • Add half a cup of apple cider vinegar to help draw out minerals from the bones and into the stock such as calcium potassium and magnesium. Some people may not be ready to add this during intro.
  • Choose fatty fish like mackerel or salmon. But make sure they are not farmed or preserved in any way.
  • Gelatine as the substance extracted by boiling bones, hoofs, trotters and soft animal tissues from gelatinous meats.
  • The onion carot and celery sticks should be avoided for patients in the introductions diet stages.  These can be added later on full gaps for added stock flavour.  They can be freshly cut as shown in the instructions or sauteed in a pan prior to adding to pot  for added flavour

Contrary to popular belief meat, fish and organ meats like liver and kidney have the highest contents of vitamins, amino acids nourishing fats, many minerals and other nutrients which we need in order to be adequately nourished.

Charting the highest source of essential nutrients

Clinical Notes:

Low fibre is the aim initially (especially for people who have profuse watery diarhoea), however if you are more prone to constipation, you can add onion, celery and cabbage to the stock for more flavour.

 

Coconut Milk Yoghurt

This recipe is a good alternative for people following the GAPS Diet who are unable to tolerate dairy or who have an anaphylaxis reaction which is a true allergy. Dr Natasha Campbell-McBride does not encourage individuals to avoid GAPS fermented dairy unless there is a true food allergy, and this can be determined by doing […]

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Cocount Milk Yoghurt
Making your own coconut yoghurt is simple and cost effective. You can choose how probiotic you want your yoghurt to be by extending the fermentation length time and by what culture source you use. We recommend you select a starter culture with a good selection of beneficial probiotic strains. You can even use kefir grains to make kefir instead of yoghurt with this recipe. GAPS Diet Australia have a good selection in their shop, however if you have a good strong multi strain probiotic of your own, you may also use that for your starter.
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Prep Time 30 minutes
Cook Time 7-9 hours
Servings
Litre
Ingredients
Mixture Ingredients
  • 1 Litre Full fat coconut milk (see our coconut milk recipe) Avoid BPA cans & petra-paks containing added water
  • Yoghurt starter culture OPTIONS • Dairy free cultured yoghurt starter powder (measure as per product instructions) OR • Two Dairy free probiotic capsules per litre of milk OR • 1/3 cup of coconut yoghurt as a starter per litre of milk • Kefir
  • 1-2 Tbs Raw honey Generally not required for incubation depending on milk source. See notes below
  • 2 Tbs organic gelatin powder Optional: depending on viscosity preference
Optional ingredients for sweetening
  • 1-2 Tsp Raw honey Optional: To be added afer fermentation & refrigeration to taste
Equipment
Prep Time 30 minutes
Cook Time 7-9 hours
Servings
Litre
Ingredients
Mixture Ingredients
  • 1 Litre Full fat coconut milk (see our coconut milk recipe) Avoid BPA cans & petra-paks containing added water
  • Yoghurt starter culture OPTIONS • Dairy free cultured yoghurt starter powder (measure as per product instructions) OR • Two Dairy free probiotic capsules per litre of milk OR • 1/3 cup of coconut yoghurt as a starter per litre of milk • Kefir
  • 1-2 Tbs Raw honey Generally not required for incubation depending on milk source. See notes below
  • 2 Tbs organic gelatin powder Optional: depending on viscosity preference
Optional ingredients for sweetening
  • 1-2 Tsp Raw honey Optional: To be added afer fermentation & refrigeration to taste
Equipment
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Instructions
  1. Sterilize all equipment in hot water (80˚C) for 1 minute. If you are sterilizing glass jars, do not drop them in boiling water over 80 ˚C or you may risk cracking or breaking them. You may risk contamination with bad bacteria if all the equipment is not first sterilized.
  2. In a saucepan, bring coconut milk to 80 degrees C, then remove from heat. Do not boil the milk over 90 degrees Celsius; this will spoil the flavour. Your coconut milk must reach 80-90 degrees Celsius or you risk contamination with bad bacteria. Raw coconut milk can be made without heating, however this needs to be done with fresh naturally retrieved coconut milk that is less likely to be contaminated.
  3. In some cases you may need to add honey. Honey is not usually added to coconut milk because it does contain it’s own sweetness to feed the culture during the fermentation process, however some milk sources may require it so you may need to experiment with this in whether to add the honey or not. Sweetness provides food for the bacterial culture and your yogurt will often not ferment well without it if it is not sweet enough on it’s own.
  4. Cover and cool the milk until it reaches a temperature between 38-45 degrees Celsius. Do not add the starter culture until it has cooled down or it will kill the good bacterial culture you are about to introduce.
  5. Pour aproximately1/2 cup of cooled coconut milk from your mixture into a sterilized glass, and mix in your starter culture or probiotic. Stir well until all is dissolved.
  6. Return the stirred ½ cup mixture to the existing cooled milk and mix well with a whisk or spoon.
  7. Pour cultured milk into your sterile yogurt maker jars, or any sterile glass or enamel containers that work for you and place the jar in the yoghurt maker.
  8. Set the timer for the desired incubation period and ferment the yoghurt for 7 – 9 hours at a temperature range between 38˚C and 45˚C. The Wholesome ‘me’ yoghurt maker will ferment up to 36 hours if you wish to ferment longer and produce a strong probiotic and very tart yoghurt flavour.
  9. When the fermentation is complete, transfer the yoghurt to the fridge to set for 6 hours before consuming. Refrigeration for this time allows the yoghurt to set.
  10. If your yogurt separates after chilling (which is common), either stir it briskly with a spoon, or whip it with a stick blender.
  11. If you wish to have thicker yoghurt strain the yoghurt and drip all the liquid whey out of your yogurt using a cheesecloth. Drip the yoghurt whey for 6 – 12 hours through a cheesecloth. The whey is probiotic and can be used to add to soups (when cooled before eating) for added probiotic nourishment.
  12. Add honey or fruit to taste.
Recipe Notes

Troubleshooting

Your yoghurt should smell and taste sour like yogurt. If you notice a bad odor, mold, or hints of grey or pink on the surface, we suggest that it has been contaminated with bad bacteria overgrowth and advise to throw it out and try again. This can be caused by a number of things:

  • The equipment was not thoroughly sterilized
  • The milk source was contaminated (was it canned or other?)
  • The milk source in a tetra-pak contained too much water and very little fat
  • The starter culture died from temps too high or too low
  • The starter culture is not right for the type of milk used the starter culture did not have enough natural sugar content to feed of in the milk source
  • The starter culture is out of date or not active
  • The correct amount of starter wasn’t used
  • Other foreign “bad” bacteria colonized the batch.

Unlike nut milks, most coconut milk sources do not require added honey during the incubation period to feed the fermentation process as the coconut milk usually has it’s own sweetness.  However, we can’t control what milk source you choose to use so adding honey during the preparation before the incubation period will be something you may need to experiment with on your own.

Coconut yogurt produces a thinner and runnier yoghurt viscosity compared to cow’s full cream milk yogurt, but there are two ways to thicken it: Add a dissolved thickener like natural gelatin to your milk before fermentation, OR after fermentation, strain the yoghurt and drip all the liquid whey out of your yogurt using a cheesecloth.

Once fully cooled, your yogurt may separate again, with some of the coconut oil hardening on top and a clear or cloudy liquid on the bottom. This happens especially with homemade coconut milk which hasn’t been homogenized and emulsified with factory machinery. This is usually not a problem, as long as everything else smells and tastes right. Just mix well with a spoon or stick blender, and enjoy.

Some new tetra-paks of coconut milk are not appropriate for making yogurt because they are mostly water and very little fat. Choose a high-fat natural coconut milk or cream made for cooking.

Use the same ingredients to make kefir by switching the dairy starter or probiotics with kefir grains and follow the kefir recipe instructions.  This is best made in one large container though (not individual jars).