GAPS Staple Casserole

This recipe is a slow cooked method in the oven that produces a lovely tender meat that falls off the bone with a delicious flavour.  It can also be used for babies by blending the food in a food mixer with stock. *This recipe is appropriate for the GAPS Introduction Diet Stage Two – onwards […]

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GAPS Staple Casserole
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Prep Time 45 Minutes
Cook Time 4-6 hrs
Servings
People
Ingredients
Meat and Stock
  • 1 Lamb Shoulder See notes for other meat options
  • 1 Litre Filtered water Approcimate: this is dependant upon how bif the pot is and the size of the lamb
Herbs & Spices
Vegetables
  • 6-8 Cloves garlic Crushed - See notes caution
  • 1 Whole Onion Large - See notes caution
  • 2 Whole Celery sticks Finely diced - See notes caution
  • 2 Whole Carrots Finely diced - See notes caution
  • 1/2 Whole Pumpkin Cubed - See notes caution
  • 1/2 Head of Cauliflower Cut - See notes caution
Special Equipment
Prep Time 45 Minutes
Cook Time 4-6 hrs
Servings
People
Ingredients
Meat and Stock
  • 1 Lamb Shoulder See notes for other meat options
  • 1 Litre Filtered water Approcimate: this is dependant upon how bif the pot is and the size of the lamb
Herbs & Spices
Vegetables
  • 6-8 Cloves garlic Crushed - See notes caution
  • 1 Whole Onion Large - See notes caution
  • 2 Whole Celery sticks Finely diced - See notes caution
  • 2 Whole Carrots Finely diced - See notes caution
  • 1/2 Whole Pumpkin Cubed - See notes caution
  • 1/2 Head of Cauliflower Cut - See notes caution
Special Equipment
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Instructions
  1. Heat the oven to 140 degrees Celsius. Place your meat joint or other selection of meat into an oval cast iron pot and fill 2/3 with filtered water. Be sure not to cover the meat joint completely with water, because the exposed part at the top of the meat produces a lovely tasting stock for drinking. This recipe should allow you to save a few jars of stock when you are done.
  2. If tollerated (see recipe notes) dice some onion and celery and crush some garlic and saute in a seperate pan with a little lamb fat or duck fat and add to the pot. It is often nicew to salt the top of the lamb and add some of the sauteed ingredints on top as well as surrounding the lamb in the stock.
  3. Add salt, dried herbs, bay leaves and a sprig of rosemary. Cover with the pot with the lid and cook on very low heat for 4-6 hours (125 – 140 degrees Celsius).
  4. After 4 or 5 hours add a variety of chopped vegetables . We have made some suggestions for you above that work nicely but feel free to experiment with seasonal organic vegetables. At this time it is essential to leave the lid off in the final stages of cooking and increase the temperature to 180 degrees celsius and cook for a further 40-50 minutes.
  5. When cooked, serve the meat and vegetables and use the stock (strained through a sieve) for a warm drink with your meal. Keep left over stock in the fridge or freezer for later meals or stock drinks.
Recipe Notes

Alternative Recipe Options

You can use any of the following meats (joint meats are easier to digest than muscle meats) Try to use a broad range of different meats each time you cook this meal.

  • Shoulder of lamb
  • Joint of pork
  • Joint of beef
  • Pheasant
  • Quail
  • Venison
  • Whole chicken
  • Turkey legs
  • Lamb shanks

You may experiment by adding a variety of vegetables keeping a broad range in your diet, however make sure you are ready for them - Refer to clinical notes.

The fat content of these meals need to be quite high: the more fresh animal fats you consume the faster the recovery.  Be sure to add fermented vegetables with every serving.  If you are still in the introduction stage, avoid spices at this stage and only use herbs, salt, and bay leaves.  This meal is easy to cook and provides you with a variety of options to choose from.  If you make a large batch, this meal is easily frozen and defrosted and heated in a glass Pyrex dish with a glass lid in the oven.  Cooking several of these meals and freezing them will allow you to have a break in the kitchen.

This method can be achieved with a slow cooker

Clinical Notes:

Avoid vegetables and consume only the meat and stock from this recipe if the patient is experiencing profuse diarrhoea.  Vegetables should be added gradually until well tollerated and digestion improves.

*This recipe is appropriate for the GAPS Introduction Diet Stage Two - onwards

Meat Stock

A good meat stock must be made with several kinds of bones with meat still on them.  This recipe allows you to select the category of meat stock you wish to make whether it be beef or chicken etc and from those lists, the selections allow you to choose from the bones and meat cuts […]

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Meat Stock
Meat stock provides important building blocks for the rapidly growing cells in the gut lining and has a soothing effect on any area of inflammation in the gut. That is why they aid digestion and have been known for centuries as healing folk remedies for the digestive tract. Do not use commercially available soup stock granules or bouillon cubes, they are highly processed and are full of detrimental ingredients. Chicken stock is particularly gentle on the stomach and is very good to start from. To make good meat stock you need joints, bones, gelatinous meat (which is meat on the bone like a whole chicken, lamb necks/shanks or osso buco cuts), giblets from chicken, goose or duck, whole pigeons, pheasants or other inexpensive meats. It is essential to use bones and joints, as they provide the healing substances, not so much the muscle meats. Ask your butcher to cut some large tubular marrow bones in half, so you can get the bone marrow out of them after cooking. The bone marrow can be added to soup broths or eaten just as it is. Meat stock and bone broth are two different things. Meat stock is made over a few hours with raw bones and meat, where as bone broth is made with old cooked bones and cooked over 12 – 24 hours. The intro diet suggests using meat stock and when intro is complete, you can try the bone broth if you want to. This recipe has supplied a few options of bones and meat cuts to choose from, however you are not limited to them. Other cuts from goat and game etc can also be used and are very delicious. Dr Natasha Campbell-McBride strongly recommends local game sources for nourishment. *This meat stock recipe is appropriate for the GAPS Introduction Diet Stage One - onwards
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Prep Time 30 Minutes
Cook Time 2-3 Hours
Passive Time 30 Minutes
Servings
4 litre pot
Ingredients
Basic ingredients
Chicken or other Poultry Stock
Lamb Stock: Your meat joint must contain bones with marrow, soft tissue and bones with meat still attached to it
  • 4-6 Lamb neck bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4 Lamb shank Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 1-2 Lamb shoulder joint Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Lamb meaty rib bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Lamb trotters Highly recommended: This helps make the stock more gelatinous
Beef Stock: Your meat joint must contain bones with marrow, soft tissue and bones with meat still attached to it
  • 6 Beef Osso buco cuts Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 1-2 Beef shoulder joint Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-6 Beef marrow bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • Beef meaty rib bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-8 Beef knuckle bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Calf Hooves Highly recommended: This helps make the stock more gelatinous
Pork Stock: Your meat joint must contain bones with marrow, soft tissue and bones with meat still attached to it
  • 2-4 Meaty pork rib bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-6 Pork neck bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 1-2 Pork shoulder joint Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-6 Pork marrow bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Pigs trotters Highly recommended: This helps make the stock more gelatinous
Fish Stock
  • 1 Whole fish Select mackeral, herring or salmon. Skins, head and fins are required.
Prep Time 30 Minutes
Cook Time 2-3 Hours
Passive Time 30 Minutes
Servings
4 litre pot
Ingredients
Basic ingredients
Chicken or other Poultry Stock
Lamb Stock: Your meat joint must contain bones with marrow, soft tissue and bones with meat still attached to it
  • 4-6 Lamb neck bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4 Lamb shank Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 1-2 Lamb shoulder joint Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Lamb meaty rib bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Lamb trotters Highly recommended: This helps make the stock more gelatinous
Beef Stock: Your meat joint must contain bones with marrow, soft tissue and bones with meat still attached to it
  • 6 Beef Osso buco cuts Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 1-2 Beef shoulder joint Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-6 Beef marrow bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • Beef meaty rib bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-8 Beef knuckle bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Calf Hooves Highly recommended: This helps make the stock more gelatinous
Pork Stock: Your meat joint must contain bones with marrow, soft tissue and bones with meat still attached to it
  • 2-4 Meaty pork rib bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-6 Pork neck bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 1-2 Pork shoulder joint Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 4-6 Pork marrow bones Number selected for these are dependant on what is available: Select at least 3-4 from this group
  • 2-4 Pigs trotters Highly recommended: This helps make the stock more gelatinous
Fish Stock
  • 1 Whole fish Select mackeral, herring or salmon. Skins, head and fins are required.
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Instructions
  1. With the exception of large meat cuts such as a shoulder joint or ribs, place all other bones, joints and meats into a large pot and fill it up with filtered water, add natural unprocessed salt to your taste at the beginning of cooking and about a teaspoon of black peppercorns, roughly crushed (optional – pepper sometimes too hot for children). Apple cider vinigar can be added at this point.
  2. Large cuts of meat or bones with meat on them such as the shoulder joints or ribs can be lightly browned in a low oven at 175 degrees Celsius for 30 minutes and then added to the pot.
  3. If you are making fish stock you need bones, fins, skins and the whole fish head NOT THE MEAT. Buy your fish whole and cut the fish meat from the bones to use for a seperate meal and use the rest of the fish to make your stock.
  4. If you are folowing the Full GAPS Diet, you may add the onion, carrot and celery to the pot. You do not need to cut them finely as it will make it easier to be removed and discarded later. If you are following the introduction diet stages, we recommend you avoid the vegetables at this time.
  5. Bring to boil, cover and simmer on a low heat as shown below: • 2 ½ - 3 hours for beef, lamb, pork and game • 1 ½ -2 hours for chicken and • 1 – 1 ½ hours for fish stock. This is the measured cooking time frame to make your nutrient meat stock. Bone stock without the meat cuts are usually longer. The longer you cook the stock the more nutrients and the softer the bones become for fishing out marrow.
  6. After cooking for the recommended time above, remove the meat and bones by straining the stock ingredients through a sieve. You can do this by collecting the stock under the strainer into a larger pot. Strip off all the meat and soft tissues from the bones as best as you can and extract the bone marrow out of the large tubular bones while they are still warm: to do that bang the bone on a thick wooden chopping board. The gelatinous soft tissues around the bones and the bone marrow provide some of the best healing remedies for the gut lining and these should be put aside with the meat that has been stripped from the bones to add later to the soup. It is also ok for the patient to eat the marrow and soft tissue direct from the bones.
  7. Strain the remaining stock with a cheesecloth to remove all remaining small bones, pepper corns and any vegetables that were added. Discard any tiny bones and vegetables added. Storethe stock in wide mouthed freezer safe mason jars in the fridge or freezer. The meat stock will keep well in the fridge for at least 7 days or it can be frozen.
Recipe Notes

If you wish to make bone stock and cook the ingredients for longer to extract more nutrients from the bones, we recommend you discard the meat afterwards as it will be over cooked but still produce a good meat/bone broth. Some people like to cook their stocks all day or overnight.

Butcher supplies for meat stock

The ratio of ingredients is individual and dependant on the size of the batch you wish to make but keep in mind that some stock should be reserved for drinking and some for making your batch of soup.  The remainder of your ingredients will depend on what type of meat stock you are making.  Here is a list of bone selections you can ask for at your organic butcher shop.

Beef, Lamb, Pork or Game Selections

  • Large tubular marrow bones
  • Gelatinous meats
  • Meaty rib bones
  • Osso Buco cuts
  • Knuckle bones
  • Shanks
  • Neck bones
  • Tail bones
  • Trotters
  • Joints
  • Ears

Poultry Selections

  • Whole chicken & extra chicken frames
  • Feet from one chicken
  • Gizards & giblets
  • Spatchcock
  • Pheasants
  • Pigeon
  • Goose
  • Duck

Fish Selections

  • Fish frames with heads (no fish meat)
  • Skins
  • Fins

Hints & Facts:

  • Add half a cup of apple cider vinegar to help draw out minerals from the bones and into the stock such as calcium potassium and magnesium. Some people may not be ready to add this during intro.
  • Choose fatty fish like mackerel or salmon. But make sure they are not farmed or preserved in any way.
  • Gelatine as the substance extracted by boiling bones, hoofs, trotters and soft animal tissues from gelatinous meats.
  • The onion carot and celery sticks should be avoided for patients in the introductions diet stages.  These can be added later on full gaps for added stock flavour.  They can be freshly cut as shown in the instructions or sauteed in a pan prior to adding to pot  for added flavour

Contrary to popular belief meat, fish and organ meats like liver and kidney have the highest contents of vitamins, amino acids nourishing fats, many minerals and other nutrients which we need in order to be adequately nourished.

Charting the highest source of essential nutrients

Clinical Notes:

Low fibre is the aim initially (especially for people who have profuse watery diarhoea), however if you are more prone to constipation, you can add onion, celery and cabbage to the stock for more flavour.